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Cell Lines
ATCC® Number: HTB-55 ™
Price:  $203.00
Designations: Calu-3
Depositors: J Fogh
Biosafety Level: 1
Shipped: frozen
Medium & Serum: See Propagation
Growth Properties: adherent
Organism: Homo sapiens (human)
Morphology: epithelial
Source: Organ: lung
Disease: adenocarcinoma
Derived from metastatic site: pleural effusion
Permits/Forms: In addition to the MTA mentioned above, other ATCC and/or regulatory permits may be required for the transfer of this ATCC material. Anyone purchasing ATCC material is ultimately responsible for obtaining the permits. Please click here for information regarding the specific requirements for shipment to your location.
Related Cell Culture Products
Restrictions: The cells are distributed for research purposes only. The Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center releases the line subject to the following: 1.) The cells or their products must not be distributed to third parties. Commercial interests are the exclusive property of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. 2.) Any proposed commercial use of these cells must first be negotiated with The Director, Office of Industrial Affairs, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021; phone (212) 639-6181; FAX (212) 717-3439.
Tumorigenic: Yes, forms well differentiated grade I adenocarcinoma in nude mice
Antigen Expression: Blood Type A; Rh+
DNA Profile
Amelogenin: X
CSF1PO: 11,12
D13S317: 12
D16S539: 12,14
D5S818: 11
D7S820: 10,11
THO1: 6,9.3
vWA: 16,17
The stemline chromosome number is hypotriploid with the 2S component occurring at 1.4%. Approximately 20 markers were common to most S metaphases, of which i (1p), t(12;?) and t(18;?) were generally paired; t(6t?) had an HSR segment of q arm, and M7 had two secondary constrictions. Normal chromosomes 1, 13, 15 and 17 were absent, and the X was disomic. No Y chromosome was detected in the QM stained preparations.
Isoenzymes: AK-1, 1; ES-D, 1; G6PD, B; GLO-I, 1-2; Me-2, 1; PGM1, 1; PGM3, 1-2
Age: 25 years
Gender: male
Ethnicity: Caucasian
Comments: The patient had received prior therapy with cytoxan, bleomycin and adriamycin.
Propagation: ATCC complete growth medium: Minimum essential medium (Eagle) with 2 mM L-glutamine and Earle's BSS adjusted to contain 1.5 g/L sodium bicarbonate, 0.1 mM non-essential amino acids, and 1.0 mM sodium pyruvate, 90%; fetal bovine serum, 10%
Temperature: 37.0C
Atmosphere: air, 95%; carbon dioxide (CO2), 5%
Subculturing: Protocol:
  1. Remove and discard culture medium.
  2. Briefly rinse the cell layer with 0.25% (w/v) Trypsin- 0.53 mM EDTA solution to remove all traces of serum that contains trypsin inhibitor.
  3. Add 2.0 to 3.0 ml of Trypsin-EDTA solution to flask and observe cells under an inverted microscope until cell layer is dispersed (usually within 5 to 15 minutes).
    Note: To avoid clumping do not agitate the cells by hitting or shaking the flask while waiting for the cells to detach. Cells that are difficult to detach may be placed at 37°C to facilitate dispersal.
  4. Add 6.0 to 8.0 ml of complete growth medium and aspirate cells by gently pipetting.
  5. Add appropriate aliquots of the cell suspension to new culture vessels.
  6. Incubate cultures at 37°C.

Subcultivation ratio: A subcultivation ratio of 1:3 to 1:6 is recommended

Medium renewal: 2 to 3 times per week
Preservation: Freeze medium: Complete growth medium supplemented with 5% (v/v) DMSO
Storage temperature: liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Related Products: Recommended medium (without the additional supplements or serum described under ATCC Medium): ATCC 30-2003
recommended serum: ATCC 30-2020
References: 21869: Fogh , editor. Human tumor cells in vitro. New York: Plenum Press; 1975, pp. 115-159.
22536: Fogh J , et al. Absence of HeLa cell contamination in 169 cell lines derived from human tumors. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 58: 209-214, 1977. PubMed: 833871
22539: Fogh J , et al. One hundred and twenty-seven cultured human tumor cell lines producing tumors in nude mice. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 59: 221-226, 1977. PubMed: 327080
24381: Fogh J . Cultivation, characterization, and identification of human tumor cells with emphasis on kidney, testis, and bladder tumors. Natl. Cancer Inst. Monogr. 49: 5-9, 1978. PubMed: 571047

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